HK - Peace and Humanities Research Initiative
With a generous Humanities Korea (HK) Grant-In-Aid from the National Research Foundation, the IPUS created the Peace and Humanities Research Group (PHRG) in 2010 and launched a new research project, "Peace and Humanities toward a Green Korea." Under this overarching project, also called HK - Peace and Humanities Research, researchers conduct peace studies at the interface of the humanities and social sciences. It aims to combine analytic methods in the social sciences with the humanities imagination. The project envisions both realizing sustainable peace on the Korean Peninsula and imparting its spirit and experiences to other parts of the world.
     Housed in the IPUS, the PHRG consists of nine full-time faculty members with diverse disciplinary backgrounds: history, sociology, gender and culture studies, religion, literature, and political science. The members undertake long-term research projects on various topics such as multiculturalism and identity problems, dual-use nuclear technology, human rights of refugees, historical peace studies, state violence, German unification, cultural ecology, among others. As part of its mission, the PHRG expands collaboration with international scholars and organizations to develop a new paradigm of peace studies.
Critical Thinking
Peace studies in the 20th century was limited to international relations and security studies that focused on war prevention and conflict resolution with nation-states as the key actor. On the other hand, with the global exchange of capital, information and people in the 21st century, the modern world represented by nation-states and ethnicity is being dissolved or restructured dramatically. This cataclysmic change, which can be understood as a paradigm shift in the dimensions of space-time/perceptions/values, calls for a fundamental transition in peace studies. Therefore, “Humanities for Peace toward a Green Korea” seeks to create a future-oriented paradigm by developing and expanding the horizon of peace studies. In particular, the research aims to produce an exemplary model for “21st Century Peace Studies Generating from the Korean Peninsula” that combines both universality and specificity by closely integrating the context of the Korean Peninsula, which as the ‘only divided nation in the world’, represents the contradictory complexities of modernity/post-modernity, ethnicity/post-ethnicity, nation/post-nation etc of the 21st century.
Coventional Peace Studies in the 20th Century Peace and Humanities in the 21st Century
Centered around Western experiences

Centered around the Social Sciences and independent fields


Consideration of the context of the Korean Peninsula/Northeast Asia

Development into a convergent multidisciplinary field

Diversification of the actors/subjects/units

Emphasis on environmental/ecological/green perspectives
Research Planning
01. Main Concepts and Topics
These are the key concepts and subtopics that are maintained throughout the three steps of the ten-year long term research plan. These concepts are essential in creating the “21st Century Humanities for Peace toward a Green Korea”, which ultimately aims to combine the universal value of peace with the regional context of the Korean Peninsula/Northeast Asia to produce a universally applicable Peace Studies generating from the Korean Peninsula.
Division, Unification and Peace Risk Society and Green Peace Exclusivism and Solidary Peace
Complex formation of the non-peaceful Korean Peninsula

Perceptions of Unification and Relations with North Korea

Establishment of a Peace System between the Two Koreas

Culture of Peace in the Era of Unification
Discourse on Civilization and Development

Complex Disasters and Ecological Crisis

Green Development DMZ and Green Peace
Modern Boundaries and Exclusivism

Cultural Diversity and Universal Human Rights

Mechanism of Solidary Peace

Peace System and Cooperation in Northeast Asia
02. Topics by Step/Year
Step 1(2010-2013) Basic Analysis of Peace and Humanities
· Primary Year Domestic and Foreign Data Collection on Peace · Green · Unification
· Secondary Year Basic Analysis of Peace · Green · Unification
· Teritary year In-depth Analysis of Peace · Green · Unification
Step 2 Systemization of Peace and Humanities
· Development and Specification of Issues of Peace Studies on the Korean Peninsula
Step 3 Expansion of Peace and Humanities
· Dissemination of Peace Studies Generating from the Korean Peninsula as a Future-Oriented Convergent Knowledge System
Research Aims
Change the paradigm of Peace Studies: Establishment of "21st Century Peace and Humanities"
Combine the universal value of peace with the context of the Korean Peninsula : "Peace Studies Generating from the Korean Peninsula"
Establish multidisciplinary convergence and new research methodology
Develop an interconnected system between peace research and peace education
Integrate the 'value-orientation' of peace research and the 'practicality' of the realization of peace
Build a global network of peace studies
Expected Results
Transition in the Paradigm of Peace Studies

21st Century Peace and Humanities 

Generating from the Korean Peninsula

Integration of the Universality of Peace and Uniqueness of the Korean Peninsula/Northeast Asia
Establishment of a Global Network of Peace Studies Proposal of Social Practices and Alternatives to Realize Peace: Green Peace of the Unified Korean Peninsula
Development of Innovative Research Methodology Proposal of Exemplary Peace Education Programs